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CA Driver Education: Special Driving Conditions and First Aid

Here are some driver education tips specific to California DMV:

Special Driving Conditions

  1. Use low-beam headlights during fog to avoid glare from high-beam headlights.
  2. Scan Your Surroundings
    • To give yourself time to react, avoid last-minute moves and hazards, always keep your eyes moving and scan the road at least 10 seconds ahead of your vehicle.
    • 3-second rule: Maintain 3-second gap between your vehicle and the vehicle ahead of you. This can help provide you with enough time to react and stop your vehicle safely if the vehicle in front of you suddenly stops or slows down.
  3. Driving on Slippery Roads: Rain, snow, or mud can make the roads slippery. Adjust your speed for different conditions:
    • Wet road: reduce speed by 5-10 mph.
    • Packed snow: reduce speed by half.
    • Ice: reduce speed to 5 mph or less.
  4. If you cannot see farther than 100 feet, driving faster than 30 mph is unsafe.

 First Aid

It is important that only those who have received proper training and have the necessary skills should administer first aid. Seeking additional help as soon as possible is crucial. Here are some common first-aid techniques for accident victims:

  1. Heart stoppage: If trained, Perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) immediately and call for emergency medical assistance.
  2. Obstructed airway: Perform the Heimlich maneuver or back blows and abdominal thrusts to dislodge the object obstructing the airway.
  3. Head injuries: Apply pressure to the wound to stop bleeding, immobilize the neck and head, and seek medical attention.
  4. Shock: Elevate the legs and keep the person warm and lying down, and seek medical attention.
  5. Burns: Remove any clothing and jewelry around the burn, run cool (not cold) water over the burn for at least 10 minutes, cover with a sterile gauze or cloth, and seek medical attention.
  6. Bleeding: Apply direct pressure to the wound with a clean cloth or bandage, elevate the injured area, and seek medical attention.
  7. Fractures: Immobilize the injured area with a splint or brace, and seek medical attention.
  8. Heat stroke and exposure to cold: Move the person to a cooler or warmer area respectively, loosen tight clothing, and provide fluids (for heat stroke) or warm drinks (for exposure to cold). Seek medical attention.
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